State aid – a form of support provided by the state to business entities and associations of legal entities that create for them advantages and more favorable conditions for production and the sale of goods.
State aid is provided to business entities and associations of legal entities in the form of tax benefits, deferred or installment payments of taxes, fees and other obligatory payments, customs benefits and exemption from customs payments, subsidies, price preferences and grants, exemption from obligatory payments on licensing and licensing procedures, loans on concessional terms, simplification of licensing and licensing procedures, as well as technical regulation requirements, etc.
Indirect government assistance may also be provided in the form of other actions affecting the general trading conditions on product and digital markets.
To date, the Committee, taking into account international experience, is developing a draft Regulation on the procedure for systematic monitoring of the assessment of the effectiveness of benefits, preferences and exclusive rights granted to business entities.
The draft Regulation provides for a comprehensive analysis of compliance with the requirements of competition law, the economic and social benefits of state aid and the effectiveness of its use as well as the impact on the competitive environment and impact on business.
Evaluation and monitoring of efficiency is envisaged to be carried out according to such indicators as the volume of production (work, services), the volume of exports, energy consumption, the introduction of new technological processes, equipment, production capacities, the introduction of new inventions, patents, industrial designs, research and development work, the creation of new jobs, the amount of funds aimed at increasing the wages fund, the number of competitors and the share of the private sector in the industry and in the total amount of benefits used, etc.
During the reporting period, the Committee conducted studies of tax and customs privileges and preferences granted to business entities taking into account their impact on the competitive environment in certain sectors of the economy, such as the electrical industry, auto and agricultural engineering, telecommunications, oil and fat industry, etc.
Based on the results of the studies, the relevant proposals were sent to the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan.